Old Testament

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There are many versions of the Old Testament. The following table lists most of the major versions in the Christian world.

The Old Testaments

Table cells with an asterisk (*) indicate that a book is present, but in a different order. Empty table cells indicate that a book is absent from the relevant canon; such books are often referred to as apocrypha. The term "Apocrypha" is sometimes used to refer specifically to those books in the Catholic canon that are absent from the Protestant Bible; Catholics refer to those books as deuterocanonical.

Protestant Old Testament Catholic Old Testament Greek Orthodox Old Testament Slavonic Old Testament
Torah or Pentateuch
Genesis Genesis Genesis Genesis Genesis
Exodus Exodus Exodus Exodus Exodus
Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus
Numbers Numbers Numbers Numbers Numbers
Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy
Nevi'im or Prophets
Historical books
Joshua Joshua Joshua Joshua Joshua
Judges Judges Judges Judges Judges
* Ruth Ruth Ruth Ruth
Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel (1 Kingdoms)13 1 Kingdoms
2 Samuel 2 Samuel 2 Samuel (2 Kingdoms)13 2 Kingdoms
Kings 1 Kings 1 Kings 1 Kings (3 Kingdoms)13 3 Kingdoms
2 Kings 2 Kings 2 Kings (4 Kingdoms)13
4 Kingdoms
(Chronicles)* 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles
1 Esdras6
(2 Esdras)*
(Ezra)* Ezra Ezra Ezra (2 Esdras)12,13 Ezra
Nehemiah Nehemiah Nehemiah (2 Esdras)12,13 Nehemiah
(1 Esdras)* 2 Esdras
Tobit Tobit Tobit
Judith Judith Judith
* Esther Esther2 Esther2 Esther2
1 Maccabees5 1 Maccabees *
2 Maccabees5 2 Maccabees *
3 Maccabees
4 Maccabees
Wisdom books
* Job Job Job Job
* Psalms Psalms Psalms9 Psalms9
* Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs
* Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes
(Song of Songs)* Song of Solomon Song of Solomon Song of Solomon Song of Songs
Wisdom Wisdom Wisdom of Solomon
Sirach Sirach Sirach
Major prophets
Isaiah Isaiah Isaiah Isaiah Isaiah
Jeremiah Jeremiah Jeremiah Jeremiah Jeremiah
* Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations of Jeremiah
* * Letter of Jeremiah
Baruch3 Baruch3 Baruch3
Letter of Jeremiah8 *
Ezekiel Ezekiel Ezekiel Ezekiel Ezekiel
* Daniel Daniel4 Daniel4 Daniel4
Minor prophets
The Twelve Prophets Hosea Hosea Hosea Hosea
Joel Joel Joel Joel
Amos Amos Amos Amos
Obadiah Obadiah Obadiah Obadiah
Jonah Jonah Jonah Jonah
Micah Micah Micah Micah
Nahum Nahum Nahum Nahum
Habakkuk Habakkuk Habakkuk Habakkuk
Zephaniah Zephaniah Zephaniah Zephaniah
Haggai Haggai Haggai Haggai
Zechariah Zechariah Zechariah Zechariah
Malachi Malachi Malachi Malachi
Ketuvim or Writings10 * * * *
Song of Songs
Ezra (includes Nehemiah)
*5 * 1 Maccabees
*5 * 2 Maccabees